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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Hawkes family come from? What is the English Hawkes family crest and coat of arms? When did the Hawkes family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Hawkes family history?

The name Hawkes is tied to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of England. It comes from the Old English personal name Hafoc, which means hawk. However, the surname Hawkes may have been applied as a nickname to someone with a wild or cruel disposition. It may also be an occupational surname given to a "hawker" or someone who held land in exchange for providing hawks to a lord. Lastly, the surname Hawkes may be a local surname given to someone who lived in a nook or corner; in this case, the surname is derived from the Old English word halke, which means nook or corner.


Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Hawkes has undergone many spelling variations, including Hawk, Hawke, Hawkes, Hauk, Hauke and others.

First found in Lincolnshire where Jocelin de Hawke was listed in the Hundred Rolls of 1273. While this is the first listing of the name, years later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Records of 1379 list: Thomas Hauke; Thomas Hauke, coteler; Adam Hawke; and Johannes Hawke. [1] On the more romantic side, one reference claims the name derives from the "bird: allusive to keenness of disposition." [2]


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hawkes research. Another 117 words(8 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1705 and 1781 are included under the topic Early Hawkes History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 23 words(2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hawkes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Hawkes were among those contributors:

Hawkes Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Mary Hawkes, who came to Virginia in 1635
  • Mary Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Wm Hawkes, aged 22, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Ellin Hawkes, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
  • Edmond Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1650

Hawkes Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Jeffery Hawkes, who landed in Virginia in 1701

Hawkes Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • George Hawkes, aged 30, arrived in New York in 1812
  • N Hawkes, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • Mr. Hawkes, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1855
  • Alfred Hawkes, aged 6, landed in New York in 1862
  • Annie Hawkes, aged 7, arrived in New York in 1862


  • Albert Wahl Hawkes (1878-1971), American politician, U.S.Senator from New Jersey
  • Charles Francis Christopher Hawkes (1905-1992), English archaeologist and professor of European prehistory at Oxford University (1946-1972)
  • Chesney Lee Hawkes (b. 1971), English pop singer-songwriter
  • Graham Hawkes (b. 1947), English marine engineer and submarine designer
  • Jacquetta Hawkes (1910-1996), British archaeologist


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  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.

Other References

  1. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  2. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  3. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  4. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  5. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  6. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  8. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  9. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  10. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  11. ...

The Hawkes Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Hawkes Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 April 2014 at 16:01.

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