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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Gilchrist family come from? What is the Scottish Gilchrist family crest and coat of arms? When did the Gilchrist family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Gilchrist family history?

The Picts were the ancient Scottish tribe where the ancestors of the Gilchrist family lived. The name Gilchrist comes from the Gaelic name Gille Criosd, which became Gillacrist in Middle Gaelic.

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Before the first dictionaries appeared in the last few hundred years, scribes spelled according to sound. spelling variations are common among Scottish names. Gilchrist has been spelled Gilchrist, Gilchristson, Ghilchriston, Gillchrist, Gillcrest, Gilcrist and many more.

First found in Berwickshire an ancient county of Scotland, presently part of the Scottish Borders Council Area, located in the eastern part of the Borders Region of Scotland, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gilchrist research. Another 177 words(13 lines of text) covering the years 1057 and 1296 are included under the topic Early Gilchrist History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Gilchrist Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Gilchrist family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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In those unstable times, many had no choice but to leave their beloved homelands. Sickness and poverty hounded travelers to North America, but those who made it were welcomed with land and opportunity. These settlers gave the young nations of Canada and the United States a strong backbone as they stood up for their beliefs as United Empire Loyalists and in the American War of Independence. In this century, the ancestors of these brave Scots have begun to recover their illustrious heritage through Clan societies and other heritage organizations. Early passenger and immigration lists reveal many Scottish settlers bearing the name Gilchrist:

Gilchrist Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Robert Gilchrist, who settled in New Jersey in 1685

Gilchrist Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Robert Gilchrist, who arrived in New England in 1725
  • Duncan Gilchrist, who landed in New York in 1738
  • Margaret Gilchrist, who arrived in New York in 1740
  • Nimrod Gilchrist, who landed in South Carolina in 1751
  • Henry and John and his wife Marion, Lawrence Gilchrist, who settled in Boston in 1766


Gilchrist Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • James Gilchrist, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1823
  • Andrew Gilchrist, who landed in New York in 1843
  • John R Gilchrist, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • L Gilchrist, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • T Gilchrist, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851


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  • Ellen Gilchrist (b. 1935), American novelist and short story writer
  • Carlton Chester "Cookie" Gilchrist (1935-2011), American AFL and CFL football player
  • John Gilchrist (1792-1859), American-born, Canadian physician and politician in Upper Canada
  • William Wallace Gilchrist (1846-1916), American composer
  • John Skidmore Gilchrist (1939-1991), Scottish footballer
  • John Borthwick Gilchrist FRSE (1759-1841), Scottish surgeon and Indologist
  • Albert Waller Gilchrist (1858-1926), American politician, 20th Governor of Florida
  • Sir Andrew Gilchrist KCMG (1910-1993), former UK ambassador to Iceland, Indonesia and Ireland
  • Adam Craig Gilchrist AM (b. 1971), Australian international cricketer
  • Anne Gilchrist (1828-1885), née Burrows, an English writer, good friend of Walt Whitman

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  • Alexander Gilchrist, 1721-1778, and His Descendants: Islay, Argyleshire, Scotland to Argyle, Washington County, New York, U.S.A. by Frederick A. Gilchrist.
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  1. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  2. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  3. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  5. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  7. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  8. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  9. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  10. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  11. ...

The Gilchrist Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gilchrist Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 5 October 2014 at 16:21.

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