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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: Borderlands, French

Where did the French Gau family come from? What is the French Gau family crest and coat of arms? When did the Gau family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Gau family history?

The name Gau has a long French heritage that first began in the northern region of Normandy. The name is derived from when the family lived in Normandy.

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History has changed the spelling of most surnames. During the early development of the French language in the Middle Ages, a person gave his version of his name, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Some variables were adopted by different branches of the family name. Hence, there spelling variations of the name Gau, some of which include Gaultier, Gault, Legault, Legaultier and others.

First found in Normandy (French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy, where the family held a family seat from early times.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gau research. Another 258 words(18 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1420, 1481, 1543, 1573, 1606, 1621, 1634, 1668, 1672, 1686, 1726, 1810, 1811, 1858, and 1865 are included under the topic Early Gau History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 137 words(10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gau Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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By 1643 there were only about 300 people in Quebec. Since immigration was slow, early marriage was desperately encouraged amongst the immigrants. The fur trade attracted migrants, both noble and commoner. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported to Louisiana. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The distinguished family name Gau has made significant contributions to the culture, arts, sciences and religion of France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Gau were

Gau Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Louis Gau, aged 17, arrived in Louisiana in 1720
  • Jane Gau, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1776

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  1. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  2. Conrad, Glenn R. The First Families of Louisiana. Baton Rouge LA: Claitor's Publishing, 1970. Print.
  3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  4. de la Porte, A. Tresor Heraldique. Paris: F. Casterman, 1864. Print.
  5. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  6. Rolland, and H.V. Rolland. Illustrations to the Armorial general by J. B. Rietstap 6 volumes in 3. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1976. Print.
  7. Doyle, William. The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0192852213).
  8. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  9. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  10. Rietstap, Johannes Baptist. Armorial Général. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  11. ...

The Gau Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gau Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:35.

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