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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Garland family come from? What is the Scottish Garland family crest and coat of arms? When did the Garland family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Garland family history?

The first family to use the name Garland lived among the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. The name Garland is derived from the Old English personal name Gærland. However, the surname Garland may be a local name derived from some place which is now unknown; gær and land are common elements in Old English nomenclature.

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Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Garland has appeared Garland, Garlland, Gerland, Gerlond and others.

First found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Garland research. Another 156 words(11 lines of text) covering the years 1202, 1296, 1379, and 1425 are included under the topic Early Garland History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Garland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Garland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 122 words(9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Garland:

Garland Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Peter Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1616
  • Hugh Garland settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Hugh Garland, aged 20, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Jo Garland, aged 19, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Peter Garland settled in Virginia in 1650


Garland Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Joseph Garland, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Grace Garland, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Bryan Garland, aged 25, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1776

Garland Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Michael Garland, aged 27, landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1838
  • Edward F Garland, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • George Garland, who arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1844
  • H Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • W G Garland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850


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  • Hamlin Garland, American short story writer and novelist
  • Judy Garland (1922-1969), stage name of Frances Ethel Gumm, famed American actress and singer, winner of an Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Special Tony Award
  • Ailsa Garland, British broadcaster of television and radio
  • Basil Garland, British court registrar
  • George Garland, Canadian geophysicist
  • Sir Victor Garland, Australian company director and diplomatist
  • Professor Henry Garland, Professor of German language
  • Ian Garland (b. 1977), English concert pianist, conductor and composer
  • Flying Officer Donald Edward Garland (1918-1940), Irish aviator awarded the Victoria Cross during WWII
  • Patrick Garland (1935-2013), British actor, writer and director


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  • Warren and Ethel (Garland) Markwith, Their Ancestors, Descendants, and Related Families by Joseph H. Vance.
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  1. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  2. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  3. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  4. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  5. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  6. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  7. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  8. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  9. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  10. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  11. ...

The Garland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Garland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 August 2014 at 10:54.

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