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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Gardiner family come from? What is the English Gardiner family crest and coat of arms? When did the Gardiner family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Gardiner family history?

Gardiner is a name that was formed by the Anglo-Saxon society of old Britain. The name was thought to have been used for someone who once worked as a gardener. The surname Gardiner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.


Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Gardiner include Gardiner, Gardner and others.

First found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199; William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296; and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gardiner research. Another 171 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1300, 1370, 1426, 1454, 1545, 1493, 1555, 1531, 1478, 1591, 1662, 1640, 1592, 1674, 1624, 1599, 1663, 1635, 1637, 1705, 1695, 1705, 1604 and are included under the topic Early Gardiner History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 241 words(17 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gardiner Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Gardiner family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 187 words(13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Gardiner were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Gardiner Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Christopher Gardiner, came to New England in 1630
  • Sir Christopher Gardiner, who arrived in New England in 1630
  • Lyon Gardiner who settled in Saybrook, Long Island, after sailing in his 25 ton ketch called "Bachelor" in 1633. He purchased the island from the Indians, and this famous island was first known as Gardiner's Island. His daughter, Mary, was the first white person born on Long Island
  • Lion Gardiner, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1635
  • Lyon Gardiner, aged 36, arrived in New England in 1635

Gardiner Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Edmd Gardiner, who landed in Virginia in 1700
  • Head Gardiner, who arrived in Georgia in 1738
  • Peter Gardiner, who arrived in Maryland in 1747
  • Christian Gardiner, who came to South Carolina in 1753 with his four children Age: 11
  • Michael Gardiner, aged 35, arrived in New York in 1799

Gardiner Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Gardiner, who landed in New York in 1801
  • Henry Gardiner, who landed in America in 1809
  • Hugh Gardiner, aged 20, arrived in Maine in 1812
  • Elisha Gardiner, aged 30, arrived in Maine in 1812
  • Archibald Gardiner, aged 17, arrived in Maine in 1812


  • Sylvester Gardiner (1708-1786), American colonial physician and landowner
  • Sir George Gardiner (1935-2002), English politician
  • Henry Balfour Gardiner (1877-1950), English composer
  • Sir John Eliot Gardiner (b. 1943), English conductor
  • Samuel Rawson Gardiner (1829-1902), English historian
  • Reginald Gardiner (1903-1980), English stage actor
  • Charles Wrey Gardiner (1901-1981), English writer and poet, editor and publisher
  • Gerald Austin Gardiner (1900-1990), English lawyer, Lord Chancellor (1964-1970), made Life Peer Baron Gardiner in 1963
  • Anthony W. Gardiner (1820-1885), President of Liberia
  • John Stanley Gardiner FRS (1872-1946), British zoologist and oceanographer awarded the Darwin Medal in 1944



  • The Gardiner-Squires Connection: An Account of the Gardiner Family of Gardiner's Island, Long Island, New York and the Squires Family of Squiretown, Long Island, New York and West Haven, Connecticut, Their Connections and Allied Families by Tiger Gardiner.

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  1. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  2. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  3. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
  7. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  8. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  11. ...

The Gardiner Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Gardiner Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 7 April 2014 at 09:04.

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