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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the German Zoll family come from? What is the German Zoll family crest and coat of arms? When did the Zoll family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Zoll family history?

The Zoll family originated in Bavaria, Germany. As hereditary surnames were adopted in that area beginning in the 12th century, people were often identified by the kind of work they did. Zoll is an occupational name for a toll-taker or tax gatherer. The Zoll family became landed aristocrats and they resided in an elegant feudal manor on a vast estate in Bavaria.

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In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Zoll include Zoller, Zoll, Zoeller, Zollner, Zolner, Zoll, Zoellner and many more.

First found in Bavaria, where the name was anciently associated with the tribal conflicts of the area. They declared allegiances to many nobles and princes of early history, lending their support in struggles for power and status within the region. They branched into many houses in Austria and Switzerland, and their contributions were sought by many leaders in their quest for power. Chronicles first mention Eberhard Zollner of the town Eger on the border between Bavaria and Bohemia. Chronicles also mention Hartman der Zoller of Emmerdingen in 1392, and Johann Vryenstat der Czoellner of Liegnitz, Silesia in 1388.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Zoll research. Another 206 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1671, 1793, 1822, 1834, 1868, and 1882 are included under the topic Early Zoll History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 25 words(2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Zoll Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly attractive to those from Bavaria who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. For many Bavarian tenant farmers, the chance to own their own land was a major incentive. So the widespread colonization of the United States began in 1650, when many immigrants from Germany settled in pockets in Pennsylvania, Texas, New York, Illinois, and California. In Canada, German settlement centered in Ontario and the prairie Among those of this surname listed in various historical records were:

Zoll Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Johan Nicolas Zoll, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1740
  • Heinrich Zoll, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1749
  • Rudolph Zoll, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752
  • John Peter Zoll, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1754
  • Jacob Friedrich Zoll, who arrived in Germantown, Pennsylvania in 1768

Zoll Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Konrad A Zoll, aged 30, arrived in St Louis, Missouri in 1841
  • John Zoll, aged 28, arrived in St Louis, Missouri in 1841
  • Henry Zoll, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1844

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  1. Rolland, and H.V. Rolland. Illustrations to the Armorial general by J. B. Rietstap 6 volumes in 3. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1976. Print.
  2. Bahlow, Hans. Abhandlungen zur Namenforschung und Buchgeschichte. 1980. Print. (ISBN 978-3768690522).
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  5. Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands geographische Namenwelt Etymologisches Lexikon der Fluss- und Ortsnamen alteuropaischer Herkunft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985. Print.
  6. Göbel, Otto. Niederdeutsche Familiennamen der Gegenwart Wolfshagen-Schäbentz. Franz: Westphal, 1936. Print.
  7. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  8. Hildenbrand, A.M. Wappenfibel. Handbuch der Heraldik. Neustadt an der Aisch: 1970. Print.
  9. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  10. Nied, Edmund. Fraenkische Familiennamen urkundlich gesammelt und sprachlich gedeutet. Heidelberg: C. Winter, 1933. Print.
  11. ...

The Zoll Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Zoll Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 14:06.

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