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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Crane family come from? What is the Scottish Crane family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crane family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crane family history?

The ancestors of the name Crane lived among the Boernician tribes of the ancient Scottish-English border region. The name derives from a nickname for a person whose was tall, and had long legs. This nickname derived from the Old English words cranuc, and cornuc, which mean crane.


Since medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, and since there were no consistent rules for the translation of rules from Gaelic to English, spelling variations are extremely common in Boernician names of this vintage. Crane has been spelled Crane, Craine, Crain, Cran, Crann, Crayne and others.

First found in Suffolk, England, before the name made its way North to Scotland.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crane research. Another 344 words(25 lines of text) covering the year 1398 is included under the topic Early Crane History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Crane Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Crane family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 98 words(7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many of the Boernician-Scottish families who crossed the Atlantic settled along the eastern seaboard in communities that would become the backbone of the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. In the War of Independence, American families that remained loyal to the Crown moved north into Canada and became known as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestral culture of all of these proud Scottish families remains alive in North America in the 20th century through Clan societies and highland games. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Crane or a variant listed above:

Crane Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Richard Crane, who arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Jasper Crane, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1635
  • Richard Crane, aged 32, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Jasper Crane, a passenger on the "Hector," who settled in the New Haven Colony in 1637
  • Christian Crane, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1647

Crane Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Margt Crane, who landed in Virginia in 1704
  • Josiah Crane, who landed in New York in 1752
  • Ludwick Crane, who arrived in New York in 1761
  • Matthew Crane, who landed in Savanna(h), Georgia in 1797
  • Waterman Crane, who landed in Mississippi in 1798

Crane Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Samson J Crane, who landed in America in 1811
  • Solomon Crane, aged 22, landed in New York in 1812
  • James Crane, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1822
  • Moses Crane, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1828
  • Martin Crane, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1828


  • Commodore William M Crane (1776-1846), American Naval officer, eponym of the USS Crane (DD-109), a Wickes-class destroyer
  • Robert Edward "Bob" Crane (1928-1978), American disc jockey and two-time Primetime Emmy Award nominated actor, best known for his performance as Col. Hogan in the television sitcom "Hogan's Heroes"
  • Randolph Crane (1903-1987), American actor who used the stage name Randolph Scott
  • Harold Hart Crane (1899-1932), American poet
  • Stephen Townley Crane (1871-1900), American novelist and short story writer, best remembered for "The Red Badge of Courage" (1895)
  • Herman Frederick "Fred" Crane (1918-2008), American film and television actor and radio announcer. He is probably best known for his role as Brent Tarleton in the 1939 film, Gone with the Wind
  • Major-General John Alden Crane (1885-1951), American Chief of American Section, Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria (1944-1946)
  • Brigadier-General William Carey Crane (1891-1978), American Commanding General Artillery IV Corps (1944-1945)
  • Robert Kellogg Crane (1919-2010), American biochemist, best known for his discovery of sodium-glucose cotransport, recipient of the Dr. Harold Lamport Award, New York Academy of Sciences, 1977
  • Harold Hart Crane (1899-1932), American poet, best known for his most ambitious work, The Bridge



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  1. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  2. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  3. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  5. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  6. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  7. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  9. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  10. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  11. ...

The Crane Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crane Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 1 February 2014 at 13:56.

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