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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Cottrill family come from? What is the English Cottrill family crest and coat of arms? When did the Cottrill family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Cottrill family history?

Cottrill is a name whose history on English soil dates back to the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The name Cottrill comes from a serf or bond tenant who held a cottage by service. The name is derived from the Old English cote, which means "shelter," or "cottage."

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Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Cotterell, Cotterel, Cotteral, Cotteril, Cotterill, Cottral, Cottrall, Cottrell, Cottrel, Coterall, Coterel, Coteril, Coterill, Cotrall, Cotrell, Cottrle, Cotral, Cotraul, Cotrelly and many more.

First found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cottrill research. Another 200 words(14 lines of text) covering the year 1691 is included under the topic Early Cottrill History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Cottrill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Cottrill or a variant listed above:

Cottrill Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Cottrill, who landed in St Clair County, III in 1874

Cottrill Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Francis J. Cottrill, aged 20, who landed in America from Leicester, in 1903
  • Harry Cottrill, aged 36, who emigrated to America from Bristol, England, in 1911
  • Minnie Cottrill, aged 36, who emigrated to the United States from Bristol, England, in 1911
  • Alfred Cottrill, aged 21, who landed in America from Barnes, England, in 1911
  • Beatrice May Cottrill, aged 15, who emigrated to the United States from Bristol, England, in 1911


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  • William Cottrill (1889-1972), British bronze medalist athlete at the 1912 Summer Olympics
  • Commissioner Walter Stanley Cottrill (1914-2005), the 15th Chief of the Staff of The Salvation Army


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  1. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  2. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  3. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  5. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  6. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  7. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  8. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  10. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  11. ...

The Cottrill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cottrill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 12 June 2013 at 02:10.

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