An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014
Where did the English Chapman family come from? What is the English Chapman family crest and coat of arms? When did the Chapman family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Chapman family history?The ancestry of the name Chapman can be traced back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a name for a merchant. Chapman is an occupational surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Occupational surnames were derived from the primary activity of the bearer. In the Middle Ages, people did not generally live off of the fruits of their labor in a particular job. Rather, they performed a specialized task, as well as farming, for subsistence. Other occupational names were derived from an object associated with a particular activity. The surname Chapman is derived from the Old English word ceapman, which means merchant. Therefore, this surname would have been taken by someone whose primary occupation was that of a merchant. The earliest record of someone bearing the surname Chapman in England was in Cambridgeshire, prior to the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Chapman has been spelled many different ways, including Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Chapman, Chappman, Chepman, Cheppman and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chapman research. Another 285 words(20 lines of text) covering the years 1559, 1616, 1634, 1780, and 1853 are included under the topic Early Chapman History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 30 words(2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chapman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Chapman family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 205 words(15 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Chapmans to arrive on North American shores:
Chapman Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century
Chapman Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century
Chapman Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Crescit sub pondere virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue thrives under oppression.
The Chapman Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Chapman Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 7 March 2014 at 08:56.
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