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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Caddell family come from? What is the Scottish Caddell family crest and coat of arms? When did the Caddell family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Caddell family history?

An ancient Pictish-Scottish family was the first to use the name Caddell. It is a name for someone who lived at or near the wooded stream derived from the Gaelic word coillie, a wood and dur which means stream.


During the Middle Ages, there was no basic set of rules and scribes wrote according to sound. The correct spelling of Scottish names were further compromised after many haphazard translations from Gaelic to English and back. Spelling variations of the name Caddell include Cadell, Caddell, Cadel, Cadwell and others.

First found in Banffshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Bhanbh), former Scottish county located in the northeasterly Grampian region of Scotland, now of divided between the Council Areas of Moray and Aberdeenshire, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caddell research. Another 189 words(14 lines of text) covering the year 1600 is included under the topic Early Caddell History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Caddell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Caddell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 47 words(3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Scots left their country by the thousands to travel to Australia and North America. Desperate for freedom and an opportunity to fend for themselves, many paid huge fees and suffered under terrible conditions on long voyages. Still, for those who made the trip, freedom and opportunity awaited. In North America, many fought their old English oppressors in the American War of Independence. In recent years, Scottish heritage has been an increasingly important topic, as Clan societies and other organizations have renewed people's interest in their history. An examination of passenger and immigration lists shows many early settlers bearing the name of Caddell:

Caddell Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • John Caddell, aged 25, arrived in New York in 1774
  • Henry Caddell, who arrived in Barbados in 1798

Caddell Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Hugh Caddell, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1866


  • Patrick Hayward Caddell (b. 1950), American public opinion pollster and a political film consultant
  • Matt Caddell (b. 1984), American football wide receiver
  • John A. Caddell (1910-2006), American lawyer
  • De Clan Caddell (b. 1988), Irish footballer
  • James Caddell (b. 1826), New Zealand Pākehā Māori, sealer and interpreter


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vigilantia non cadet
Motto Translation: Vigilance will not miscarry.


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  1. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  2. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
  3. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  5. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  6. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  7. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  8. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Caddell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Caddell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 21 December 2013 at 05:36.

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