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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Buxton family come from? What is the English Buxton family crest and coat of arms? When did the Buxton family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Buxton family history?

The ancestors of the name Buxton date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Buxton family lived in the region of Buxton parishes in the diocese of Southwell and Norwich. It may also be derived from the town in Derbyshire where in Old English it was known as Buchestanes, meaning bowing stones.


It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Buxton are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Buxton include: Buckston, Buxton, Buckstone and others.

First found in Derbyshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Buxton research. Another 302 words(22 lines of text) covering the year 1400 is included under the topic Early Buxton History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Buxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Buxton or a variant listed above:

Buxton Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Thomas Buxton in Salem Massachusetts in 1630
  • Anthony Buxton, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1637
  • John Buxton settled in Virginia in 1637
  • Jon Buxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1637
  • Robert Buxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1645

Buxton Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Elizabeth Buxton who settled in Potomac Maryland in 1729
  • John Buxton, who landed in America in 1760-1763
  • Grace Buxton settled in west New Jersey in 1773
  • Grace Buxton, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773

Buxton Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • William Buxton, who arrived in Mississippi in 1843
  • M F Buxton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • Aaron Buxton, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850


  • Charles Buxton (1823-1871), English brewer, philanthropist, writer
  • Angela Buxton (b. 1934), English tennis player
  • Sir Sydney Charles Buxton (1853-1934), 1st Earl Buxton, a British politician
  • Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton (1837-1915), 3rd Baronet, Governor of South Australia (1895-99)
  • Dame Rita Mary Buxton DBE (1896-1982), Australian community worker, activist, racehorse owner and philanthropist
  • Major Aubrey Leland Oakes Buxton KCVO, MC, DL (1918-2009), British author, soldier and politician, High Sheriff of Essex in 1972, created Baron Buxton of Alsa in 1978


  • The Buxtons of Warren by J. J. Donovan.

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  1. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  2. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  3. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  4. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  5. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  6. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  8. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  9. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  10. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  11. ...

The Buxton Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Buxton Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 September 2014 at 18:10.

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