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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Burney family come from? When did the Burney family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Burney family history?

The story of the Burney family is rich with Scottish history. It begins in the ancient kingdom of Dalriada where Burney evolved as a name for some who lived in Brennath in Moray, where the name became Birnie. There is also a Birnie in the shire of Elgin. The village of Birnie was originally called Brenuth, from brae-nut, which means "hazel trees". Natives of Birnie, using a local dialect, also called the village Burn-nigh, which means near the burn river. This local name, particularly in medieval times, is prefixed by "de", which means "from." During the Middle Ages, the Birney family became a part of the landed gentry and they wielded considerable prestige and influence in the region of the Scottish borderlands.

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Historical recordings of the name Burney include many spelling variations. They include They are the result of repeated translations of the name from Gaelic to English and inconsistencies in spelling rules. Birnie, Birney, Birny, Birnye, Byrnye, Byrny, Berney, Birne, Byrne, McBirny, McBirnie, McBurny, McBurnie and many more.

First found in Elginshire a former county in northeastern Scotland, in the present day Scottish Council Area of Moray, where Birnie Kirk, a Church of Scotland church built c. 1140 is still found today. It was the first cathedral of the Bishop of Moray. The church is one of the oldest in Scotland to have been in continuous use through the centuries. Birnie Loch is a man-made loch located in North East Fife from a flooded gravel pit. Birnie Island is a small, uninhabited coral island, 20 hectares in area, part of the Phoenix Island group in central Pacific ocean named after the London firm Alexander Birnie & Co in 1823.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Burney research. Another 161 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1261 and 1500 are included under the topic Early Burney History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Burney Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Burney family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 119 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Scottish settlers arrived in many of the communities that became the backbones of the United States and Canada. Many stayed, but some headed west for the endless open country of the prairies. In the American War of Independence, many Scots who remained loyal to England re-settled in Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Scots across North America were able to recover much of their lost heritage in the 20th century as Clan societies and highland games sprang up across North America. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Burneys to arrive on North American shores:

Burney Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Anthony Burney, who arrived in Maryland in 1673

Burney Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • William Burney, and his wife settled with their three sons, his mother and father William, in Louisiana in 1797
  • William Burney, aged 28, landed in Louisiana in 1797

Burney Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Charles Burney, who landed in New York in 1826
  • J Burney, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • Samuel Burney settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1850
  • Major Burney, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851

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  • Jacob Burney (b. 1959), American defensive line coach for the Washington Redskins
  • William Evans Burney (1893-1969), U.S. Representative from Colorado
  • Leroy Edgar Burney (1906-1998), American physician and public health official, eighth Surgeon General of the United States from 1956 to 1961
  • Sir Cecil Denniston Burney (1888-1968), 2nd Baronet Burney, Commander in the Royal Navy
  • Francis "Fanny" Burney (1752-1840), English novelist, diarist and playwright
  • Charles Burney (1726-1814), English musicologist
  • Christopher Arthur Geoffrey Burney MBE (1917-1980), English Special Operations Executive (SOE) during World War II
  • Mike Burney (b. 1944), English jazz saxophonist
  • Charles Burney FRS, DD (1757-1817), English classical scholar, schoolmaster and clergyman
  • Sir Cecil Burney (1858-1929), 1st Baronet, Naval Commander, Admiral of the Fleet

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  • A Catalogue of the Burney Family Correspondence 1749-1878 by Joyce Hemlow.
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  1. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  2. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  3. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
  4. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  5. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  6. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  7. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  8. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  9. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  10. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 1 May 2014 at 12:22.

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