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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Broom family come from? What is the English Broom family crest and coat of arms? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Broom family history?

The name Broom was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It comes from the name of a plant. The family name claims direct descent from the Earls of Anjou, who changed their name to Broome after a pilgrimage to the crusades and the Holy Land. As the story goes, the Earl of Anjou, wore a sprig of Broome as a symbol of humility. He then took the name of the plant as his name.

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A multitude of spelling variations characterize Norman surnames. Many variations occurred because Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England also had a pronounced effect, as did the court languages of Latin and French. Therefore, one person was often referred to by several different spellings in a single lifetime. The various spellings include Broome, Broom, Brome and others.

First found in Kent where Eustace de la Brome was listed in the Hundred Rolls of 1273. The same census lists William de Broom and Henry de Brom in Norfolk. By the time of King Edward III (1312-1377), records of the name were found in Somerset: Nicholas atte Brome and William atte Brome.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Broom research. Another 631 words(45 lines of text) covering the years 1366, 1550, 1600, 1485, 1620, 1666, 1719, 1689 and 1745 are included under the topic Early Broom History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 125 words(9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Broom Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families left England, to avoid the chaos of their homeland and migrated to the many British colonies abroad. Although the conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and some travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute, once in the colonies, many of the families prospered and made valuable contributions to the cultures of what would become the United States and Canada. Research into the origins of individual families in North America has revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Broom or a variant listed above:

Broom Settlers in the 17th Century


  • Margaret Broom, who arrived in Maryland in 1652
  • Daniel Broom settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1683
  • Daniel Broom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1683

Broom Settlers in the 18th Century


  • John Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1708
  • Thomas Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1716
  • John Broom settled in Jamaica in 1722
  • John Broom settled in Virginia in 1727

Broom Settlers in the 19th Century


  • Coena Serbel Broom, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803
  • Luke C Broom, aged 25, landed in New York in 1812
  • Hannah Broom, aged 19, a servant, arrived in Wellington aboard the ship "Waipa" in 1876

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  • Sir Ivor Broom (d. 2003), English RAF pilot, promoted to Air Marshal in 1974
  • Marlon Charles Broom (b. 1977), English professional footballer
  • Donald Maurice Broom (b. 1942), English biologist and emeritus professor of animal welfare
  • Herbert Broom (1815-1882), English writer on law
  • Mr. H. Broom (d. 1912), aged 33, English Bath Steward from Cowes, Isle of Wight who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Jacob Broom (1752-1810), American businessman and politician
  • Professor Robert Broom (1866-1951), Scottish-South African doctor and paleontologist
  • Bobby Broom (b. 1961), American jazz guitarist, composer and educator
  • Neil Trevor Broom (b. 1983), New Zealand cricketer
  • Jacob Broom (1808-1864), American Party member of the U.S. House of Representatives

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  1. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  2. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  4. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  5. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  6. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  7. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  8. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  11. ...

The Broom Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Broom Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 February 2014 at 12:39.

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