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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Armstrong family come from? What is the Scottish Armstrong family crest and coat of arms? When did the Armstrong family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Armstrong family history?

From the historical and enchanting region of Scotland emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Armstrong family. The Armstrong surname is thought to come from the Middle English words "strong" and "arm," and has also been rendered in Gaelic as MacGhillielaidir.


Spelling variations of this family name include: Armstrong, Armstrang, Armestrang, Harmestrang and many more.

First found in Cumberland. This well known Border surname is derived from the Norman surname "Fortenbras" and is an instance of a surname assumed from a personal attribute, strength of arm. It is said that a Fairbairn, armour bearer to the King of Scotland, lifted the King back onto his horse with one arm, after the King had been unseated in battle. The King then granted him lands in Liddesdale and bestowed on him the name of Armstrong. Although this legend may be true in part, the Armstrongs were of greater nobility than armour bearers. Perhaps the earliest recorded record is of Adam Armstrong, who was pardoned at Carlisle in 1235 for causing the death of another man. William Armestrangh served on an inquisition in the same city in 1274.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Armstrong research. Another 519 words(37 lines of text) covering the years 1328, 1342, 1363, 1376, 1529, 1587, 1610, 1602, 1658, 1662, 1633, 1684, 1683 and 1672 are included under the topic Early Armstrong History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 239 words(17 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Armstrong Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Armstrong family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 183 words(13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Armstrong Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Katherin Armstrong, who arrived in America in 1635
  • Gregory Armstrong, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1643
  • Margarett Armstrong, who landed in Maryland in 1650
  • Fra Armstrong, who landed in Virginia in 1652
  • Geo Armstrong, who landed in Virginia in 1654

Armstrong Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Christiann Armstrong, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1710
  • David Armstrong, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1717
  • David Armstrong, who arrived in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1717
  • John William Armstrong, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1717
  • Rufus Armstrong, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1717

Armstrong Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Mathw Armstrong, aged 23, landed in Delaware in 1803
  • Joseph Armstrong, who landed in America in 1803
  • Chas Armstrong, who landed in New York, NY in 1803
  • Alexander Armstrong, aged 29, landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1803
  • Alexr Armstrong, aged 29, arrived in America in 1803

Armstrong Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century

  • John Robert Armstrong, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1908
  • William Smith Armstrong, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1918


  • Lance Armstrong (b. 1971), born Lance Edward Gunderson, American former cyclist and cancer survivor who won the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times, but was later stripped of his titles because of doping
  • Neil Alden Armstrong (1930-2012), former NASA astronaut, first person to set foot on the moon and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Louis Satchmo Armstrong (1900-1971), American jazz musician
  • Edwin Howard Armstrong (1890-1954), American electrical engineer
  • Henry Jackson Armstrong (1912-1988), American boxer
  • J. Scott Armstrong (b. 1937), American author, forecasting and marketing expert
  • Anne Legendre Armstrong (1927-2008), American diplomat, politician, first female Counselor to the President, and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Brigadier-General Clare Hibbs Armstrong (1894-1969), American Military Attaché to Belgium (1946-)
  • Brigadier-General Donald Armstrong (1889-1984), American Commandant Army Industrial College (1944-1946)
  • Lieutenant-General Frank Alton Jr. Armstrong (1902-1969), American Commander-in- Chief of the Alaskan Command, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska (1956-1961)



  • Ancestry Descendants of Daniel F. Armstrong and Sarah Nutter by Evelyn Crawford Fenton.
  • Armstrong Ancestry: A Genealogy of the Descendants of Robert R. Armstrong by John Edward Armstrong.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Invictus maneo
Motto Translation: I remain unvanquished.


Armstrong Clan Badge
Armstrong Clan Badge

Buy JPG Image

A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...


Septs of the Distinguished Name Armstrong
Armestrang, Armstrang, Armstrong, Armystrang, Cozier, Cozzier, Crosar, Crosier, Crossar, Crossier, Croyser, Crozer, Crozier, Crozuer, Fairbain, Fairbairn, Fairbairns, Fairbaorne, Fairbaourn, Fairbaourne, Fairbarn, Fairbarns, Fairbaurn, Fairbayrne, Fairbirn, Fairborn, Fairborne, Fairborns, Fairbourn, Fairbourne, Fairburn, Fairburns, Fairbyrne, Fairebain, Fairebairn, Fairebairns, Fairebaorne, Fairebaourn, Fairebarn, Fairebaurn, Fairebayrne, Fairebirn, Faireborne, Faireborns, Fairebourn, Fairebourne, Faireburn, Faireburns, Fairebyrne, Farebain and more.


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  1. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  3. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  4. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  6. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  7. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  8. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  10. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  11. ...

The Armstrong Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Armstrong Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 28 August 2014 at 12:46.

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