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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Archard family come from? What is the English Archard family crest and coat of arms? When did the Archard family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Archard family history?

The Archard surname is derived form the Old English word "ortgeard," or "orceard," a compound of "wort," or "plant," and "geard," meaning "yard." It is thought to have originally been a topographic name for someone who lived by an orchard, or perhaps an occupational name for a fruit grower. There were also several places named Orchard, such as those in Devon and Somerset, and the surname may have been taken on from a place name.

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Orchard, Orchar, Orcher, Orcutt, Orcherd, Augher and others.

First found in Devon, where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Hartland Abbey in that shire. Although the origin of this name may seem obvious to most, the real source lies far from fruit trees. Far to the north, the Urquharts were hereditary Sheriffs of Cromarty. This difficult Gaelic name posed problems for even the Scottish tongue. In Loch Ness, their seat, they were called Orchar or Orchard. Hence, the name Orchard earned the right to be a sept of the great Clan Urquhart. In the 14th century it is believed that a branch of this clan moved south to Devon and became seated at Hartland Abbey.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Archard research. Another 147 words(10 lines of text) covering the years 1410, 1750, 1468 and 1504 are included under the topic Early Archard History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Archard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Archard family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 71 words(5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Archard Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Samuel Archard, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1640

Archard Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Arnold Archard, who arrived in Virginia in 1887
  • Joyce Archard, who landed in Virginia in 1887

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  1. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  2. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  3. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  4. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  6. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  7. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  10. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  11. ...

The Archard Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Archard Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 July 2013 at 13:36.

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