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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Archard family come from? What is the English Archard family crest and coat of arms? When did the Archard family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Archard family history?

The Archard surname is derived form the Old English word "ortgeard," or "orceard," a compound of "wort," or "plant," and "geard," meaning "yard." It is thought to have originally been a topographic name for someone who lived by an orchard, or perhaps an occupational name for a fruit grower. There were also several places named Orchard, such as those in Devon and Somerset, and the surname may have been taken on from a place name.

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Orchard, Orchar, Orcher, Orcutt, Orcherd, Augher and others.

First found in Devon, where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Hartland Abbey in that shire. Although the origin of this name may seem obvious to most, the real source lies far from fruit trees. Far to the north, the Urquharts were hereditary Sheriffs of Cromarty. This difficult Gaelic name posed problems for even the Scottish tongue. In Loch Ness, their seat, they were called Orchar or Orchard. Hence, the name Orchard earned the right to be a sept of the great Clan Urquhart. In the 14th century it is believed that a branch of this clan moved south to Devon and became seated at Hartland Abbey.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Archard research. Another 147 words(10 lines of text) covering the years 1410, 1750, 1468 and 1504 are included under the topic Early Archard History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Archard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Archard family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 71 words(5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Archard Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Samuel Archard, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1640

Archard Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Arnold Archard, who arrived in Virginia in 1887
  • Joyce Archard, who landed in Virginia in 1887

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  1. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  2. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  3. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  4. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  6. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  8. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  10. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  11. ...

The Archard Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Archard Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 July 2013 at 13:36.

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