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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Andrus family come from? What is the Scottish Andrus family crest and coat of arms? When did the Andrus family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Andrus family history?

The chronicle of the name Andrus begins with a family in the Pictish clans of ancient Scotland. The name is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.

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When the first dictionaries were invented in the last few hundred years, spelling gradually became standardized. Before that time, scribes spelled according to sound. Names were often recorded under different spelling variations every time they were written. Andrus has been written Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.

First found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness. This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Andrus research. Another 171 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649 and 1650 are included under the topic Early Andrus History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 117 words(8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Andrus Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Andrus family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The crossing to North America did not seem so great in comparison with the hardships many Scots endured at home. It was long, expensive, and cramped, but also rewarding. North America offered land and the chance for settlers to prove themselves in a new place. And many did prove themselves as they fought to forge a new nation in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of those Scots can now experience much of their once-lost heritage through the Clan societies and highland games that have sprung up across North America in the last century. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important, early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Andrus:

Andrus Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Jochem Andrus, who landed in New York, NY in 1600
  • John Andrus, who arrived in Connecticut in 1658

Andrus Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Enoch Andrus, who arrived in New Jersey in 1709

Andrus Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Abner Andrus, who landed in Illinois in 1876

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  • Cecil Dale Andrus (b. 1931), American politician who was Governor of Idaho
  • John Emory Andrus (1841-1934), American plitician, mayor of Yonkers, New York, a U.S. Congressman from New York
  • Mark Andrus, award-winning American screenwriter
  • Shane Andrus (b. 1980), American football placekicker
  • Marc Handley Andrus, the American Eighth Bishop of California in The Episcopal Church
  • Sherman Andrus (b. 1942), American Gospel singer
  • Jerry Andrus (1918-2007), American magician and writer
  • Milo Andrus (1814-1893), American early leader in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • Frederick Hotham Andrus (1850-1937), American outfielder and pitcher in Major League Baseball
  • Chuck Andrus (1928-1997), American jazz double-bassist

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  • Some Descendants of John and Grace (Rude) Andrus of Preston, Connecticut, Lebanon, New Hampshire, Chelsea, Vermont by Elizabeth Duncan Lee.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Victrix fortuna sapientia
Motto Translation: Wisdom is the conqueror of fortune.

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  1. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
  2. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  4. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  5. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  6. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  7. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  9. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  10. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  11. ...

The Andrus Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Andrus Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 19 December 2013 at 13:28.

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