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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Andress family come from? What is the Scottish Andress family crest and coat of arms? When did the Andress family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Andress family history?

The ancestors of the Andress family were part of an ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The name Andress is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.

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The appearance of the printing press and the first dictionaries in the last few hundred years did much to standardize spelling. Prior to that time scribes spelled according to sound, a practice that resulted in many spelling variations. Andress has been spelled Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.

First found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness. This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Andress research. Another 171 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649 and 1650 are included under the topic Early Andress History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 117 words(8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Andress Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Andress family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The expense of the crossing to the North American colonies seemed small beside the difficulties of remaining in Scotland. It was a long and hard trip, but at its end lay the reward of freedom. Some Scots remained faithful to England and called themselves United Empire Loyalists, while others fought in the American War of Independence. Much of this lost Scottish heritage has been recovered in the last century through Clan societies and other patriotic Scottish organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important, early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Andress:

Andress Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Robert Andress, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1635

Andress Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Wm Andress, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Johan Adam Andress, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1732

Andress Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Carl Andress, who arrived in Texas in 1846

Andress Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Eduard Andress, aged 23, who landed in America, in 1905
  • William Andress, who landed in America, in 1911
  • Mary Andress, aged 23, who settled in America, in 1912
  • Mary Lou Andress, aged 75, who landed in America, in 1913
  • Robert Andress, aged 32, who settled in America, in 1913


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  • Stanford E. "Andy" Andress, American author and political candidate
  • William J. "Bill" Andress (1924-2008), American professional baseball umpire
  • Ursula Andress (b. 1936), Swiss Golden Globe winning actress and a major sex symbol of the 1960s, best known for her role a Bond girl Honey Ryder in Dr. No
  • Herb Andress (1935-2004), Austrian film and television actor
  • John Andress (b. 1984), Irish rugby union player


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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Victrix fortuna sapientia
Motto Translation: Wisdom is the conqueror of fortune.

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  1. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  2. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  3. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  7. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  8. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
  9. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  10. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  11. ...

The Andress Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Andress Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 July 2013 at 09:44.

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