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Where did the Adair coat of arms come from? When did the Adair family first arrive in the United States?

  
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Coat of Arms > Adair Coat of Arms


Adair Coat of Arms
 Adair Coat of Arms
Adair

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Origin Displayed: Scottish

Spelling variations of this family name include: Adair, Odeir, Edzear, Edgar, Adare and others.

First found in Galloway . Tradition has it that the foundation of the family of Adair of Dunskey and Kinhilt originated from a fugitive son of Fitzgerald, Earl Desmond of Adair in Ireland.

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Alice Adair, who settled in Charles Town S.C. in 1776; Ann Adair settled in New York State, in 1774; James Adair settled in Pennsylvania in 1771.

(From www.HouseOfNames.com Archives copyright 2000 - 2009)

Motto Translated: Faithful unto death.


Suggested Readings for the name Adair
"The Descendants of James Adair" by Miriam Dabbs Adair.

Some noteworthy people of the name Adair
  • Robert Kemp Adair (b. 1924), American physicist and Sterling Professor Emeritus of physics at Yale University
  • Paul Neal "Red" Adair (1915-2004), renowned American oil field firefighter, the 1968 John Wayne movie "Hellfighters" was based upon the feats of Adair during the 1962 Sahara Desert fire
  • Rhona Adair (1878-1961), British golf champion
  • Craig Adair (b. 1968), Canadian painter
  • Gilbert Adair FRS (1896-1979), English biophysicist
  • Major General Sir Allan Henry Shafto Adair (1897-1988), 6th Baron, British Army general who commanded the Guards Armoured Division from 12 September 1942 until the end of the war
  • John Eric Adair (b. 1934), British leadership development consultant
  • John Ronald Shafto Adair (1893-1960), Australian aviator and businessman
  • Sir Robert Shafto Adair (1786-1869), 1st Baronet of Flixton Hall, English peer
  • Sir Robert Alexander Shafto Adair (1811-1886), 2nd Baronet, English peer

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Learn More About Scottish Surnames


THE SCOTTISH CLANS

A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system.

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MAC, MC PREFIX

Scottish and Irish patronymic surnames frequently have the prefix Mac or Mc. When these surnames were originally developed, they were formed by adding the Gaelic word mac, which means son of, to the name of the original bearer's father. For example, the surname MacDougall literally means son of Dougal. In later times, these prefixes were also added to the occupation or nickname of the bearer's father. For example, MacWard means son of the bard and MacDowell means son of the black stranger.

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THE PICTS

The Picts were a mysterious warrior people of ancient Britain. According to tradition, the Picts migrated from the shores of Brittany around the 15th century BC. They sailed northward to Ireland, but were refused permission to settle there by the ancient kings of that land. However, the Picts were granted permission to settle in the northeastern part of Scotland on the condition that each Pictish king marry an Irish princess, thus providing the Irish with a colony whose rulers were of royal Irish blood. This Pictish settlement was ruled by a matriarchal hierarchy unlike any other form of government in British history.

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THE REGIONS OF SCOTLAND

BORDERS

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SCOTLAND: THE BOERNICIANS

The Boernicians, who were a mixture of Scottish Picts, Angles, and Vikings, were one of the ancient clans of the Scottish-English borderlands. Considered to be the ancient founding peoples of the north, the Boernicians inhabited the tract of rugged territory that stretches from Carlisle in the west to Berwick in the east. In the 4th century, Scotland was composed of five different kingdoms, which were each home to a different race: the Gaels, Vikings, Picts, Britons, and Angles all held land, each had their own realm.

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THE VIKINGS

The Vikings, a Scandinavian people of astounding vitality, first began their invasion of Scotland in 794. However, the first wave of mass Viking migration occurred around 888, when King Harold of Norway defeated an unruly faction of northern clans who then abandoned their homeland. In search of a new place to live, they migrated to the sea-swept Orkney Islands in the north of Scotland under the leadership of their chief, Earl Sigurd. This settlement was permitted by the Scottish king and the kings of the Isle of Man, who allowed the Viking exiles to make their homes in the Orkney and Shetland Islands in return for a payment of 20,000 shillings.

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MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS

Many people wonder which spelling of this Scottish name is the older. The quick answer is Stewart. The line of Stewart monarchs of Scotland began in 1371, descending from the union of Marjorie, daughter of King Robert the Bruce and Walter, the 6th High Steward of Scotland. Mary, Queen of Scots was born in 1542, a few days later her father died and she became infant Queen of Scotland.

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SCOTLAND

The long history of the lands of the northern third of Great Britain has been violent and often tragic. The castles and ruins, the songs and the legends tell Scotland's tale. It is the harshness of its history and the ruggedness of its land that have shaped its proud inhabitants. How the country came to be, and evolved, has long taxed the minds of many historians.

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KINGS AND QUEENS OF SCOTLAND

Fergus Mor c.500-501
Domangart mac Fergus 501-507
Comgall mac Domangart 507-538
Gabhran mac Domangart 538-558
Conall mac Comgall 558-574
Aedan mac Gabhran 574-608
Eochaid Buide 608-629
Connad Cerr 629
Domnal Brecc the Freckled 629-642
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STRATHCLYDE BRITONS

Considered to be one of the founding peoples of the north, the Strathclyde Britons were of Celtic descent and were divided into three sub-kingdoms. The Selgovae dwelled north of the Clyde, while the Novantii lived in Galloway in the southwest of Scotland. The Rhiged lived in what later became the counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire in England.

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SEPTS OF SCOTLAND

Scottish Clans also contained septs or branches, which were founded when powerful or prominent clansmen established their own important families. Clans often had many septs that were often related through marriage. During difficult times, the families sought to ally themselves with larger more powerful clans for protection from enemies and other feuding clans alike. This practice, which often included paying homage to the Clan Chief at important events was effective in building respect, devotion and familiarity between different families within the same clan.

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This page was last modified on 14 February 2014 at 09:40.

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