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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Irish Purcell family come from? What is the Irish Purcell family crest and coat of arms? When did the Purcell family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Purcell family history?

Although the Irish had their own system of hereditary surnames and the Strongbow settlers brought with them their own Anglo-Norman naming practices, the two traditions generally worked well together. The name Purcell is an occupational surname, a form of hereditary name that existed in both cultures long before the invaders arrived, but more common to the Anglo-Norman culture. Occupational surnames were derived from a word describing the actual job done by the original name bearer. Early Strongbownian names of this type often used the prefix le, meaning the, in French, but the use of this prefix did not last in the language of the vernacular. The surname Purcell came from a common occupational name for a swineherd. The surname Purcell is derived from the Norman-French word porcel, which in turn comes from the Latin word porcus, which means pig or piglet. Occupational names such as Purcell frequently were derived from the principal object associated with the activity of the original bearer, such as tools or products. These types of occupational surnames are called metonymic surnames. The Gaelic form of the surname Purcell is Puirséil.


During the Middle Ages, a single person often had their name recorded by church officials and scribes many different ways. Names were typically spelt as they sounded, which resulted in many different spelling variations. The many versions of the name Purcell to have been recorded over the years include: Purcell, Purcel, Pursell, Purcill, Purcells, Percell, Porcell, Percill, Persell, Percel, Pirsell, Porcill, Porsell, Purcelle, Purcele, Persells, Pursells, Purcels, Porcells, Purchell, Purscel, Purtill and many more.

First found in Surrey, England and later in County Tipperary. As many Norman families, they accompanied Strongbow in the Anglo- Norman invasion of Ireland in 1172. The English branch in Surrey continued their stronghold in Surrey for many years. As far as the Irish branch is concerned, it is generally believed that Sir Hugh Purcell, a Strongbow knight was the progenitor of the family in Ireland. His grandson, another Sir Hugh married Beatrix, daughter of Theobald FitzWalter, Chief Butler of Ireland about 1204 and received Loghmoe (Loughmore,) a village in North Tipperary as a wedding present. [1] A direct line of the family continued until 1722 with the death of Nicholas Purcell, 13th Baron of Loughmoe.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Purcell research. Another 185 words(13 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1665, 1660, 1665, 1659, 1695, 1664, 1717, 1651 and 1691 are included under the topic Early Purcell History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 159 words(11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Purcell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


A great number of Irish families left their homeland in the late 18th century and throughout the 19th century, migrating to such far away lands as Australia and North America. The early settlers left after much planning and deliberation. They were generally well off but they desired a tract of land that they could farm solely for themselves. The great mass of immigrants to arrive on North American shores in the 1840s differed greatly from their predecessors because many of them were utterly destitute, selling all they had to gain a passage on a ship or having their way paid by a philanthropic society. These Irish people were trying to escape the aftermath of the Great Potato Famine: poverty, starvation, disease, and, for many, ultimately death. Those that arrived on North American shores were not warmly welcomed by the established population, but they were vital to the rapid development of the industry, agriculture, and infrastructure of the infant nations of the United States and what would become Canada. Early passenger and immigration lists reveal many Irish settlers bearing the name Purcell:

Purcell Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • John Purcell, who arrived in Maryland in 1680

Purcell Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Garrett Purcell, who landed in Virginia in 1701
  • Kath Purcell, who arrived in Virginia in 1705
  • Robert Purcell, who arrived in South Carolina in 1769
  • Henry Purcell, who arrived in South Carolina in 1770
  • Dominick Purcell, who arrived in New York in 1798

Purcell Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Fanny Purcell, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816
  • William Purcell, who arrived in New York in 1822
  • John B Purcell, who arrived in Maryland in 1827
  • Michael Purcell, who landed in New York, NY in 1832
  • Lawrence Purcell, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1852


  • Irene Mary Purcell (1896-1972), American film actress
  • Edward Mills Purcell (1912-1997), American physicist and co-winner of the 1952 Nobel Prize for Physics
  • Joe Edward Purcell (1923-1987), American politician, briefly the governor of Arkansas
  • Lee Purcell (b. 1947), born Lee Jeune Williams, an American actress and writer-producer
  • Richard Gerald "Dick" Purcell (1908-1944), American actor best known for playing Marvel Comics' Captain America in the 1943 film serial
  • Philip J. Purcell (b. 1943), American businessman, former Chairman and CEO of Morgan Stanley
  • John Purcell (1814-1857), Irish soldier in the British Army who received the Victoria Cross for deeds during the Indian Mutiny
  • Tadhg Purcell (b. 1985), Irish footballer
  • William Purcell (1866-1919), South African arachnologist and biologist
  • John Edward "Jack" Purcell (1903-1991), Canadian world champion badminton player



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Aut vincam aut periam
Motto Translation: Either conquer or perish.


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  1. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)

Other References

  1. McDonnell, Frances. Emigrants from Ireland to America 1735-1743 A Transcription of the report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced emigration to America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1331-5).
  2. MacLysaght, Edward. Mores Irish Familes. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0).
  3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
  6. Heraldic Scroll and Map of Family names and Origins of Ireland. Dublin: Mullins. Print.
  7. Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
  8. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  9. Somerset Fry, Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry. A History of Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993. Print. (ISBN 1-56619-215-3).
  10. Grehan, Ida. Dictionary of Irish Family Names. Boulder: Roberts Rinehart, 1997. Print. (ISBN 1-57098-137-X).
  11. ...

The Purcell Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Purcell Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 21 October 2014 at 10:18.

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