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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Irish Crowley family come from? What is the Irish Crowley family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crowley family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crowley family history?

Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name Crowley is "O Cruadhlaoich." This is derived from the words "cruadh," which means "hard," and "laoch," which means "hero." [1]

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Names from the Middle Ages demonstrate many spelling variations. This is because the recording scribe or church official often decided as to how a person's name was spelt and in what language. Research into the name Crowley revealed many variations, including Crowley, Crowly, O'Crowley, Croaley, Croawley, O'Crowly and many more.

First found in Moylurg, in the County Roscommon, where they started as a branch of the MacDermots. It is from Teige, a Prince of Moylurg, down to Cruadhlaoch that the line of descent for the Crowleys begins. A junior branch of the Crowley family also emerged and moved to the area of Dunmanway, in the west of County Cork. They eventually became a distinct sept with their chief at Kilshallow, thriving while their parent family gradually withered. The majority of the Crowley family came to be found in the county of Cork, with three-quarters of the family being born there in modern times. [2]


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowley research. Another 237 words(17 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1658, 1713, 1819 and 1857 are included under the topic Early Crowley History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 77 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crowley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence began, many Irish settlers took the side of England, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America and Australia. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name Crowley or a variant listed above, including:

Crowley Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Alice Crowley settled in Jamaica in 1661

Crowley Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Patk Crowley, aged 39, landed in New York, NY in 1803
  • Daniel Crowley, who landed in America in 1831
  • Walter Crowley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1840
  • Timothy Crowley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848
  • Philip Crowley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1849


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  • Mart Crowley (b. 1935), American playwright and screenwriter
  • Kathleen Crowley (b. 1932), American actress
  • William Michael "Bill" Crowley (1857-1891), American Major League Baseball player
  • Candy Alt Crowley (b. 1948), American news anchor, CNN's Chief Political Correspondent
  • Thomas M. Crowley (1935-2013), American businessman and legislator, Vermont State Senator (1966-1990)
  • Frank Crowley (b. 1939), Irish politician, who was Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork, North West
  • Evin Crowley (b. 1945), Northern Irish actress
  • Brian Crowley (b. 1964), Irish Fianna Fáil politician, Member of the European Parliament
  • Bob Crowley (b. 1955), Irish five-time Tony Award winning theatre director, scenic and costume designer
  • Carrie Crowley (b. 1964), Irish actress

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  1. ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
  2. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)

Other References

  1. McDonnell, Frances. Emigrants from Ireland to America 1735-1743 A Transcription of the report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced emigration to America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1331-5).
  2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  3. Harris, Ruth-Ann and B. Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot Volume II 1851-1853. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1991. Print.
  4. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  5. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
  6. Tepper, Michael Ed & Elizabeth P. Bentley Transcriber. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of Philadelphia 1800-1819. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1986. Print.
  7. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  8. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  9. Donovan, George Francis. The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts 1620-1775. Menasha, WI: Geroge Banta Publsihing Co., 1932. Print.
  10. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Crowley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crowley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 5 April 2014 at 09:27.

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