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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Cranch family come from? When did the Cranch family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Cranch family history?

The name Cranch is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in the village of Crank in northern Lancashire.

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It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Cranch are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Cranch include: Crank, Cranc, Cranke, Cranch and others.

First found in Lancashire, where they held a family seat from ancient times. The village of Crank is or was near Rainford where there is also Crank Hall and Crank Farm. This would reasonably be the seat of the family name, although they also seemed to have had interest in northern Lancashire in the Silverdale and Furness areas.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranch research. Another 257 words(18 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1121, 1662, 1692, 1746, 1748, and 1826 are included under the topic Early Cranch History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Cranch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Cranch or a variant listed above:

Cranch Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Richard Cranch, who arrived in New England in 1746

Cranch Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Cranch settled in New York in 1821

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  • Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892), American writer and artist


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  2. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  6. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  8. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  9. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  10. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:29.

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