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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the Irish Caulfield family come from? When did the Caulfield family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Caulfield family history?

The Irish name Caulfield has been taken as synonym for many other names. The Gaelic form of the name Caulfield was generally Mac Cathmhaoil. The name Caulfield was used by people of the Irish names O Gamhna, O Caibheanaigh and Mac Conghamhna, and Mac Carrghamhna. The Anglicized form of these last four Irish surnames is Gaffney, but for some obscure reason, this has often been changed to Caulfield.

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Names from the Middle Ages demonstrate many spelling variations. This is because the recording scribe or church official often decided as to how a person's name was spelt and in what language. Research into the name Caulfield revealed many variations, including Caulfeild, Caulkin, Calfkins, Cawlfield, Cawfield, MacCaul, MacCawell and many more.

First found in Fermanagh (Irish: Fear Manach) in the southwestern part of Northern Ireland, Province of Ulster, where they held a family seat from ancient times. They were directly descended from King Colla da Crioch through the Maguires, Princes of Fermanagh. Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone. At one time, the building was three stories high with large windows and tall chimney stacks. A wooden joist from the castle eludes to the age of the building as about 1282. The Caulfeild Coat of Arms is still seen over the entrance. Nearby, Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Baron Caulfeild (15651627) built a house on the site of an earlier O'Donnelly castle. It was burned in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, but was rebuilt in the 1660s. Today Castle Caulfield is a ruin and declared a State Care Historic Monument.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caulfield research. Another 437 words(31 lines of text) covering the years 1565, 1627, 1607, 1587, 1640, 1621, 1642, 1622, 1642, 1624, 1671, 1726, 1682, 1734, 1685, 1716, 1715 and 1717 are included under the topic Early Caulfield History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 105 words(8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caulfield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence began, many Irish settlers took the side of England, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America and Australia. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name Caulfield or a variant listed above, including:

Caulfield Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Mary Caulfield, aged 24, landed in Pennsylvania in 1776

Caulfield Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Caulfield, aged 42, arrived in Georgia in 1812
  • Henry Caulfield settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1821
  • R. Caulfield settled in San Francisco in 1822
  • Mary Caulfield, her husband Thomas and one child, settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1822
  • Mr. Caulfield, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822


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  • Emma Caulfield (b. 1973), born Emma M. Chukker, American actress, best known for her role as Anya Jenkins on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1998-2003)
  • Maxwell Caulfield (b. 1959), Scottish-born, American actor
  • Genevieve Caulfield (1888-1972), blind American teacher who started a school for blind people in Thailand, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Joan Caulfield (1922-1991), American actress and former fashion model
  • James Caulfield (1728-1799), 1st Earl of Charlemont, he was the first president of the Royal Irish Academy and Commander-in- chief of the Irish Volunteers
  • Henry S Caulfield (1873-1966), American politician, Governor of Missouri (19291933)
  • Josephine "Jo" Caulfield (b. 1963), British comedian and actress
  • Patrick Caulfield (1936-2005), English painter and printmaker
  • Sir Bernard Caulfield, Supreme Court Judge
  • William "Billy" Caulfield (1892-1972), English professional footballer


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  1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  2. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  3. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  4. Vicars, Sir Arthur. Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536-1810. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  6. MacLysaght, Edward. The Surnames of Ireland 3rd Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1978. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2278-0).
  7. O'Hart, John. Irish Pedigress 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4).
  8. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  9. Read, Charles Anderson. The Cabinet of Irish Literature Selections from the Works of the Chief Poets, Orators and Prose Writers of Ireland 4 Volumes. London: Blackie and Son, 1884. Print.
  10. McDonnell, Frances. Emigrants from Ireland to America 1735-1743 A Transcription of the report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced emigration to America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1331-5).
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This page was last modified on 16 June 2014 at 16:02.

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