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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Caudill family come from? When did the Caudill family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Caudill family history?

The ancient Scottish name Caudill was first used by the Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. The original bearer of the name lived in Renfrrewshire. This place-name may also be derived from the Old English words caeld, which means cold, and welle, which means well, and indicates that the original bearer lived near a well that gave cold water.

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The many spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names result from the fact that scribes in that era spelled words according to sound. Translation too, was an undeveloped science, and many names were altered into complete obscurity. Over the years Caudill has been spelled Caldwell, Coldwell, Caldwill, Cauldwell, Cauldwill, Cawldwell, Guildwell, Calewell, Caldewell and many more.

First found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Frił), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, at the Caldwell Tower, a mansion and old estate that dates back to 1294. The current Caldwell Tower stands on a mound, and is a small, free-standing tower that was probably built in the 16th century. It was fully restored in 2011 with the addition of a small extension. Caldwell is also a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire. The Caudle variant may be related to a thickened and sweetened alcoholic hot drink so named. It was popular in the Middle Ages for its supposed medicinal properties and dates back to at least 1297.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caudill research. Another 185 words(13 lines of text) covering the years 1342, 1500, 1628, 1679 and 1929 are included under the topic Early Caudill History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 55 words(4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caudill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Caudill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 109 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape the uncertainties and discrimination faced in Scotland, many decided to head out for North America. Once they arrived, many Scots fought with relish in the American War of Independence; some went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Many ancestors of these Scots have recovered their lost national heritage in the 20th century through Clan organizations and Scottish historical societies. Among the settlers to North America were:

Caudill Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Enrico Caudill, aged 27, who settled in Gagliano, in 1905
  • William H Caudill, aged 23, who settled in Fletcher Co., Kentucky in 1916
  • Kathleen Caudill, aged 4, who emigrated to Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Mollie Caudill, aged 38, who settled in Pineville, Kentucky in 1924
  • Rebecca Caudill, aged 24, who emigrated to Portland, Tennessee, in 1924

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  • William Holland "Bill" Caudill (b. 1956), American Major League Baseball pitcher who played from 1979 to 1987
  • Rebecca Caudill Ayars (1899-1985), American author of children's literature, eponym of the Rebecca Caudill Young Reader's Book Award
  • Harry M. Caudill (1922-1990), American author, historian, lawyer, legislator
  • Randall Caudill, American president and founder of Dunsford Hill Capital Partners, a San Francisco-based financial consulting firm
  • Colonel Benjamin E. Caudill, American Confederate army officer who led Caudill's Army
  • William Abel Caudill (1920-1972), American applied medical anthropologist, the first to identify the field of medical anthropology


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  1. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  2. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  4. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  5. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  6. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  7. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  10. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 20 November 2013 at 13:43.

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