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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Baxter family come from? What is the Scottish Baxter family crest and coat of arms? When did the Baxter family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Baxter family history?

The ancient Scottish-English border region is the ancestral home of the name Baxter. It was first used by the Boernician people, and is a name for a female baker, who were known as "bakesters". With the continuing development of Old English, the word gradually came to be applied to both men and women.


In the many years before the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries, names and other words were spelled according to sound, often differently with each person who wrote them. Spelling variations of Baxter include Baxter, Bakster, Baxster, Baxstair, Baxstare and others.

First found in Forfarshire part of the Tayside region of North Eastern Scotland, and present day Council Area of Angus, where they held a family seat from ancient times. Agnes Bakester of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baxter research. Another 335 words(24 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1st , 1296, 1300, 1312, 1323, 1398, 1615, 1), , 1781, 1858, 1615, 1691, 1686, 1750, 1836, 1825 and 1890 are included under the topic Early Baxter History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 75 words(5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baxter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Baxter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 101 words(7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


In many cases, the ancestors of many of these Boernician-Scottish people are just now learning of their Scottish heritage. Since the trip was so arduous, and many were fleeing from poverty itself, settlers brought little with them and often had nothing of their personal history to hand down to their children. Clan societies and highland games have helped to correct this problem in the 20th century. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Baxters to arrive on North American shores:

Baxter Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Gregory Baxter, who landed in Massachusetts in 1630
  • John Baxter, who landed in Maryland in 1633
  • Robt Baxter, aged 21, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Jane Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636
  • Wm Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636

Baxter Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Richd Baxter, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Henry Baxter, a bonded passenger who arrived in Maryland in 1744
  • Barnaby Baxter, who settled in Maryland in 1774

Baxter Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Baxter, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • John, Baxter Jr., who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • George Baxter, who arrived in America in 1811
  • C Baxter, aged 26, landed in Maryland in 1813
  • Guillermo Baxter, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816


  • James Phinney Baxter III (1893-1975), American educator and Pulitzer Prize winning historian, president of Williams College (1937-1961)
  • Anne Baxter (1923-1985), American actor nominated for an Academy Award for her role in All About Eve
  • William Giles Baxter (1856-1888), English (American-born) cartoonist
  • Warner Baxter (1889-1951), American actor
  • Meredith Baxter (b. 1947), American television actress
  • Irving Baxter (1876-1957), American two time gold and three time silver Olympic medalist for long, high and triple jump as well as pole vault
  • Stanley Baxter (b. 1928), Scottish actor
  • Jim Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish footballer
  • James Curran Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish soccer player
  • Sir John Philip Baxter (1905-1989), Australian ( Welsh born) Physicist, Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of New South Wales



  • Ancestors and Descendants of Jonathan Burris and Mary Jemima Boardman, with Allied Families (including the Baxter Family).
  • Baxter-Short, Miller-Gill and Related Families by Mary Cynthia Baxter Harrell.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vincit veritas
Motto Translation: Truth conquers.


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  1. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  2. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and Don Pottinger. Clan Map Scotland of Old. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1983. Print.
  3. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  4. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  6. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  7. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  8. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  10. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  11. ...

The Baxter Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Baxter Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 September 2014 at 11:47.

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