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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: Scottish-Alt, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Baird family come from? What is the Scottish Baird family crest and coat of arms? When did the Baird family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Baird family history?

The Strathclyde-Briton people of ancient Scotland were the first to use the name Baird. It is a name for someone who works as a poet, which was originally derived from the Gaelic word bard.

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Before the printing press standardized spelling in the last few hundred years, no general rules existed in the English language. Spelling variations in Scottish names from the Middle Ages are common even within a single document. Baird has been spelled Baird, Bard, Barde, Baard, Bayard, Beard and many more.

First found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where they held a family seat from ancient times. According to legend, William the Lion, King of Scotland was alarmed by the approach of a wild boar, while hunting in one of the southwestern counties. Baird, who was a follower in the King's train, came forward to assist the King. Baird needed only a single arrow to slay the boar, and was rewarded for this service by the king. He was granted large areas of lands, and was assigned a Coat of Arms on which there is a wild boar. King William also commanded that Baird would have as his motto Dominus Fecit (The Lord made). In the Churchyard of Banff, Scotland, Baird's Arms may still be seen in an ancient monument to the Bairds of Auchmeddan.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baird research. Another 285 words(20 lines of text) covering the years 1616, 1656, 1647, 1667, 1620, 1698, 1654, 1737, 1686, 1745, 1697, 1658, 1715, 1690, 1740 and are included under the topic Early Baird History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 175 words(12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baird Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Baird family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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For Scottish immigrants, the great expense of travel to North America did not seem such a problem in those unstable times. Acres of land awaited them and many got the chance to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. These Scots and their ancestors went on to play important roles in the forging of the great nations of the United States and Canada. Among them:

Baird Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Andrew Baird, who landed in Massachusetts in 1672
  • James Baird who arrived in America in 1685
  • Alexander Baird, who arrived in New York in 1695

Baird Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • William Baird settled in New Hampshire in 1718
  • Francois Baird, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1754
  • Archibald Baird, who arrived in South Carolina in 1770
  • John Baird settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1773
  • Thomas Baird settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1774


Baird Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • John Baird, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1807
  • Henry Baird, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1810
  • Martha Baird, aged 40, landed in Maine in 1812
  • Washington Baird, who landed in New York in 1813
  • George Baird, who landed in New York, NY in 1816


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  • James Baird (1873-1953), American civil engineer and builder of the Lincoln Memorial
  • Leah Baird (1883-1971), American actress of the silent screen, and a screenwriter
  • Spencer Fullerton Baird (1823-1887), American naturalist
  • Brigadier-General Harry Howard Baird (1893-1969), American Commanding Officer, Special Troops, US Army Forces Pacific (1945-1946)
  • Major-General Henry Welles Baird (1881-1963), American Commanding Officer, 4th Armored Division (1941-1942)
  • Sir Dugald Baird (1899-1986), Scottish physician
  • John Logie Baird (1888-1946), Scottish inventor of the first practical television, he gave his first successful demonstration of television in an attic in 1926, and made the first transatlantic transmission in 1928
  • David McCurdy Baird OC, FRSC (b. 1920), Canadian geologist, photographer, and academic
  • Stuart Baird (b. 1947), English film editor, producer, and director
  • Craig George Baird (b. 1970), New Zealand race car driver with over 20 New Zealand championship titles


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  • A Baird Family in America and Allied Lines by Joie Baird and Delila Baird.
  • Francis Baird's American Descendants from 1758 by James T. Baird.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Dominus fecit
Motto Translation: The Lord made.

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Baird Clan Badge
Baird Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Baird
Baard, Baarde, Baarte, Baeard, Baearde, Baeart, Baird, Bairde, Bard, Barde, Bayard, Bayarde, Bayart, Bayarte, Bayeard, Bayearde, Bayeart, Bayerd, Bayert, Bayord, Beard, Beard, Bearde, Bearid, Bearte, Beeard, Beearde, Beeart, Beearte, Beeeard, Beeearde, Beeeart, Beeerd, Beeert, Beeord, Beyard, Beyarde, Beyart, Beyarte, Beyeard, Beyearde, Beyeart, Beyerd, Beyert, Beyord and more.

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  1. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  2. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  5. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  6. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  10. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  11. ...

The Baird Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Baird Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 30 April 2014 at 22:14.

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